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Cell and Module Fabrication

Cell and Module Fabrication

Etching, Cutting, Polishing and Imprint

Equipment:Institution:Description:
Multronic Diaplain 6300 Heriot-Watt University  Cut and Polish Samples of PMMA. including the edges of LSC layers. 
EVG nanoimprint system University of St Andrews   Fabricate structures at the nanometer scale in a reproducible manner, 
Emitech K1050X RF Plasma Asher Unit University of St Andrews   Clean substrates by removing organic compounds. Alter the workfunction of some materials and make them hydrophilic. 
Reactive Ion Etching Plasma System University of the West of Scotland Reactive ion etching of films. 
Laser Wafer Cutter University of the West of Scotland Precision laser dicing and sawing. 

 

Gloveboxes

Equipment:Institution:Description:
Glove Box  University of Edinburgh Preparation of materials in a controlled atmosphere. 
Mbraun Glovebox  University of St Andrews  Mbraun Glovebox fitted with an evaporator which allows for the fabrication of solar cells in a nitrogen atmosphere.  

 

Ovens and Furnaces

Equipment:Institution:Description:
 Carbolite Oven Heriot-Watt University Cure PMMA.
Gallenkamp Vacuum Oven Heriot-Watt University  Degas PMMA and bake samples under controlled atmosphere. 
Carbolite High Temperature Ovens University of the West of Scotland High temperature heat treatment of samples.

 

Vapour and Sputtering Deposition

Equipment:Institution:Description:
Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition (PECVD) Heriot-Watt University   Deposition of thin films onto ~10 cm rigid or flexible substrates. Microwave or tunable RF power supply. Gases for a-Si:H + carbide + nitride alloys + dopant gases. 
5x BOC Edwards Evaporators - Auto 306 models University of St Andrews   Vacuum deposition of inorganic and organic materials to fabricate multilayer devices. 
MB-EVAP Evaporator (MBRAUN) University of Strathclyde Deposition of metal electrodes. Attached to glovebox to allow for processing in controlled environments. 
MicroDyn Microwave Plasma Enhanced Sputter Coater  University of the West of Scotland Preparation of metal, oxide and nitride multilayers. 
CVC RF Magnetron Sputter Coater University of the West of Scotland  Preparation of metal, oxde, nitride and piezoelectric layers. 
Sub-One Hollow Cathode Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition University of the West of Scotland  Thick diamond-like carbon coatings for anti-wear and anti-corrosion.
Satus e-beam evaporator and plasma source University of the West of Scotland   Preparation of metal, oxides, nitrides and fluoride multilayers 
Nordiko DC/RF Sputter Coater   University of the West of Scotland Preparation of metal, oxde, nitride and piezoelectric layers. 
PlasmaCoat Sputter Coater University of the West of Scotland Preparation of metal, oxde and nitride layers. 
 Oxford Instruments PlasmaLab Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition  University of the West of Scotland Deposition of diamond-like carbon. 

 

Wet Thin Film Deposition

Equipment:Institution:Description:
Id LAB Dip Coater 5 AC  Heriot-Watt University  Prepare thin films by dipping solid substrates into  a sol. Temperature and humidity control to give stable environmental conditions. 
Spin Coater  SCS P6700 Heriot-Watt University   Prepare thin films layers by spinning a solution onto a solid substrate. 
Automatic Screen Printer Heriot-Watt University   Automatically produce minimodules. 
Manual Screen Printing Heriot-Watt University    Manually produce minimodules.  
Several EMS 4000 spin Coaters University of St Andrews  Prepare thin film layers by spinning a solution onto a solid substrate. 
Spin Coaters: Sawatec SM-180 and SCS G3P-8 University of Strathclyde  Deposition of thin films from solutions by spinning method. Attached to glovebox to allow for processing in controlled environments. 

 

 Other Fabrication Equipment

Equipment:Institution:Description:
Dye-Sensitised Solar Cell Fabrication University of Edinburgh Wide range of equipment available to fabricate dye-senstised solar cells.

Electrocrystalisation  Equipment

University of Edinburgh Crystalline deposition of materials under the influence of an electric field.
EETS Module Laminator (PVLAM0.25) Heriot-Watt University  Encapsulate the photovoltaic material within a protective casing (usually PMMA and glass). 50 cm x 50 cm max. 
UVP Ultraviolet Crosslinker Heriot-Watt University PMMA crosslinking or photoresist development.
Sealing Tank (HB320) Heriot-Watt University   Thermal polymerisation of PMMA samples.
In-line GICG plot system Heriot-Watt University  Produce 30 cm x 30 cm CIGS modules. 
Electrodeposition  Heriot-Watt University    Depositionof a thin film of material under the infulence of an electric field.